Zimbabwe is a gemstone set in the middle of southern Africa, and it is largely occupied by a plateau, reaching its maximum altitude on the eastern side, along the border with Mozambique, while along the western side, it drops in the Kalahari sand. The capital city, Harare, is located at 1,490 m above sea level and experience a pleasant climate even in late summer. The country is an inland country, far from the ocean, but is crossed by some of the most important rivers of the African continent: the Limpopo river marks the border with South Africa, while the Zambezi river, the fourth longest river in Africa, marks the one with Zambia. In the north-east corner of Zimbabwe, the Zambezi falls for about one hundred meters into the legendary Victoria Falls, and further downstream it forms the large Kariba Lake, an artificial water basin originated by the construction of the Kariba dam-wall. Kariba Lake is actually a small inland sea, on which fishing and tourism are well developed. National Parks, conservation areas and private game reserves are numerous and many of them are joined to form one of the largest wildlife transfrontiers corridors in Africa. Zimbabwe counts five UNESCO sites, including the ruins of the ancient and mysterious city of Great Zimbabwe and the beautiful granite hills of Matobo.

The variety and amount of wildlife in Zimbabwe inspire the dreams of every nature lover: not only you can find all the “big five” (lion, leopard, rhinos, elephant and buffalo), but you can also meet the black rhinos, the cheetahs and the wild dogs, three of the rarest and most endangered species on this planet.The lion population is among the largest in Africa and elephants’ population counts almost 80,000 indivisuals, representing the second largest in the continent. In the parks of Mana Pools, Hwange and Gonarezhou you can meet the rare African wild dog, whose population of about 700 individuals is second only to Botswana which has more than 900 dogs. Particularly important are the several vital populations of rhinos, both black and white, strictly protected. Some of these populations can be seen in Matabeleland, in the SavÈ valley, Lake Mutirikwi, Lake Chivero and many other conservation areas. In 2020, the black rhino has been succesfully reintroducted in the Gonarezhou National Park. More than 500 species of birds fly over the country, a true paradise for birdwatchers.

The mysterious ancient town of Great Zimbabwe represents the the only major evidence of middle-age stone made ruins in sub-saharian Africa. It was founded just before the XI century and lasted for more than 5 centuries, trading in gold, ivory, copper, game-skins and other products with the Arab traders of the coast.Going westwards, the granite hills of Matobo offer evocative evidence of stone-age life through the exceptionally abundant rock paintings, while the monuments and battle sites evoke the epic era of colonial wars that have left an permanent mark on the region. In every corner of the country, culture and tradition surprise the visitors, together with the hospitality and friendness of Zimbabwean people.

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